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Bioavailability and metabolism of mometasone furoate following administration by metered-dose and dry-powder inhalers in healthy human volunteers.

Author(s): Affrime MB, Cuss F, Padhi D, Wirth M, Pai S, Clement RP, Lim J, Kantesaria B, Alton K, Cayen MN

Affiliation(s): Schering-Plough Research Institute, Kenilworth, New Jersey 07033-0539, USA.

Publication date & source: 2000-11, J Clin Pharmacol., 40(11):1227-36.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase I; Randomized Controlled Trial

These studies were conducted to assess the systemic bioavailability of mometasone furoate (MF) administered by both the dry-powder inhaler (DPI) and the metered-dose inhaler with an alternate propellant (MDI-AP). The pharmacokinetics of single doses (400 micrograms) of MF administered by intravenous (i.v.) and inhalation routes was assessed in a randomized, three-way crossover study involving 24 healthy volunteers. In a separate study, 6 healthy subjects were administered a single dose of tritiated (3H-) MF by DPI, and the radioactivity in blood, urine, feces, and expired air was determined. Following i.v. administration, MF was detected in all subjects for at least 8 hours postdose. The half-life (t1/2) following i.v. administration was 4.5 hours. In contrast, following DPI administration, plasma MF concentrations were below the limit of quantification (LOQ, 50 pg/mL) for many subjects (10 of 24), and the systemic bioavailability by this route was estimated to be less than 1%. Only two plasma samples following MDI-AP administration had plasma concentrations of MF above the LOQ indicating no detectable systemic bioavailability in 92% of the subjects. A separate study with 6 healthy male subjects administered a single dose of 3H-MF (200 microCi) by DPI revealed that much of the dose (approximately 41%) was excreted unchanged in the feces (0-72 hours), while that which was absorbed was extensively metabolized. These results indicate that inhaled MF has negligible systemic bioavailability and is extensively metabolized and should therefore be well tolerated in the chronic treatment of asthma.

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