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Ceftriaxone versus ampicillin/cloxacillin as antibiotic prophylaxis in elective caesarean section.

Author(s): Ahmed ET, Mirghani OA, Gerais AS, Adam I

Affiliation(s): University of Gezira, Wad Medani, Sudan.

Publication date & source: 2004-05, East Mediterr Health J., 10(3):277-88.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

We carried out a prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial to evaluate the clinical efficacy of ceftriaxone and ampicillin/cloxacillin prophylaxis in decreasing the frequency of post-caesarean section infection-related morbidity. Two hundred patients randomly received either ceftriaxone (single dose) or ampicillin/cloxacillin (3 doses) intravenously at induction of anaesthesia. There was no statistical difference in incidence of endometritis (P = 0.34), wound infection (P = 0.44), or other febrile morbidity (P = 0.5). Eleven babies had a low Apgar score (< 8) in the ceftriaxone group and 13 in the ampicillin/cloxacillin group (P = 0.82).There were 2 perinatal deaths in each group. One dose of ceftriaxone was as effective as ampicillin/ cloxacillin in preventing post-caesarean section complications and is easier to administer.

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