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The effect of glutamine infusion on the inflammatory response and HSP70 during human experimental endotoxaemia.

Author(s): Andreasen AS, Pedersen-Skovsgaard T, Mortensen OH, van Hall G, Moseley PL, Pedersen BK

Affiliation(s): Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, The Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej, Copenhagen, Denmark. sofie_andreasen@msn.com

Publication date & source: 2009, Crit Care., 13(1):R7. Epub 2009 Jan 27.

Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

INTRODUCTION: Glutamine supplementation has beneficial effects on morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients, possibly in part through an attenuation of the proinflammatory cytokine response and a stimulation of heat shock protein (HSP)70. We infused either alanine-glutamine or saline during endotoxin challenge and measured plasma cytokines and HSP70 protein expression. METHODS: This crossover study, conducted in eight healthy young men, was double-blind, randomized and placebo-controlled. It was performed on 2 trial days, separated by a 4-week washout period. The volunteers received an infusion of alanine-glutamine at a rate of 0.025 g/(kg body weight x hour) or saline for 10 hours. After 2 hours, an intravenous bolus of Escherichia coli endotoxin (0.3 ng/kg) was administered. Blood samples were collected hourly for the following 8 hours. HSP70 protein content in isolated blood mononuclear cells (BMNCs) was measured by Western blotting. RESULTS: Plasma glutamine increased during alanine-glutamine infusion. Endotoxin reduced plasma glutamine during both trials, but plasma glutamine levels remained above baseline with alanine-glutamine supplementation. Endotoxin injection was associated with alterations in white blood cell and differential counts, tumour necrosis factor-alpha, IL-6, temperature and heart rate, but glutamine affected neither the endotoxin-induced change in these variables nor the expression of HSP70 in BMNCs. CONCLUSIONS: Endotoxin reduced plasma glutamine independently of alanine-glutamine infusion, but supplementation allows plasma levels to be maintained above baseline. Glutamine alters neither endotoxin-induced systemic inflammation nor early expression of HSP70 in BMNCs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT 00780520.

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