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Prospective randomized controlled trial of extended-release oxybutynin chloride and tolterodine tartrate in the treatment of overactive bladder: results of the OBJECT Study.

Author(s): Appell RA(1), Sand P, Dmochowski R, Anderson R, Zinner N, Lama D, Roach M, Miklos J, Saltzstein D, Boone T, Staskin DR, Albrecht D; Overactive Bladder: Judging Effective Control and Treatment Study Group.

Affiliation(s): Author information: (1)Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Ohio, USA. rappell@www.urol.bcm.tmc.edu

Publication date & source: 2001, Mayo Clin Proc. , 76(4):358-63

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and tolerability of extended-release oxybutynin chloride and tolterodine tartrate at 12 weeks in participants with overactive bladder. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The OBJECT (Overactive Bladder: Judging Effective Control and Treatment) study was a prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study conducted between March and October 2000 at 37 US study sites. Participants who had between 7 and 50 episodes of urge incontinence per week and 10 or more voids in 24 hours received extended-release oxybutynin, 10 mg/d, or tolterodine, 2 mg twice daily. The outcome measures were the number of episodes of urge incontinence, total incontinence, and micturition frequency at 12 weeks adjusted for baseline. RESULTS: A total of 315 women and 63 men were randomized and treated, and 332 participants (276 women, 56 men) completed the study. At the end of the study, extended-release oxybutynin was significantly more effective than tolterodine in each of the main outcome measures: weekly urge incontinence (P=.03), total incontinence (P=.02), and micturition frequency episodes (P=.02) adjusted for baseline. Both drugs improved symptoms of overactive bladder significantly from baseline to the end of the study as assessed by the 3 main outcome measures (P<.001). Dry mouth, the most common adverse event, was reported by 28.1% and 33.2% of participants taking extended-release oxybutynin and tolterodine, respectively (P=.32). Rates of central nervous system and other adverse events were low and similar in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Extended-release oxybutynin was more effective than tolterodine as measured by end-of-study urge incontinence, total incontinence, and micturition frequency episodes. Both groups had similar rates of dry mouth and other adverse events.

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