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The effect of dutasteride on the efficacy of photoselective vaporization of the prostate: results of a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study (DOP trial).

Author(s): Bepple JL, Barone BB, Eure G

Affiliation(s): Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia 23501, USA. jdl158@hotmail.com

Publication date & source: 2009-11, Urology., 74(5):1101-4. Epub 2009 Oct 2.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of Dutasteride on the efficacy of GreenLight photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PV). Some investigators have suggested that 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors may interfere with PV by reducing intraprostatic blood flow. Dutasteride offers the most complete blockade of the 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors, with minimal increase in side effects. METHODS: This is a prospective, placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind study. A total of 59 patients were randomized to either dutasteride 0.5 mg or placebo for 3 months before and 12 months after PV. Surgical time, joules used, estimated blood loss, and ease of the procedure were compared. Other clinical end points investigated include postsurgical catheter time, hematuria, dysuria, urinary flow parameters, American Urological Association symptom score, benign prostatic hyperplasia quality of life score, prostate volume, and prostate-specific antigen level. RESULTS: Average surgical time and joules used were 12% (P = .24) and 16% (P = .15) less, respectively, for dutasteride patients compared with placebo. Estimated blood loss was also lower in the treatment group (P = .14). However, these results were not statistically significant. Surgeon-rated ease of the procedure was comparable between the 2 groups. There were no significant differences in catheter time, dysuria, quality of life scores, or urinary flow parameters. Quality of life and urinary parameters markedly improved after PV. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with patients randomized to placebo, patients randomized to dutasteride experienced a trend toward decreased time, joules used, and blood loss during surgery. Although we could not convincingly prove an operative benefit of treatment with dutasteride before surgery, we have demonstrated the efficacy of PV in men receiving dutasteride.

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