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Postoperatve pain relief in children after subumbilical surgeries-a comparison between caudal bupivacaine and bupivacaine-clonidine.

Author(s): Bhowmick DK, Akhtaruzzaman KM, Ahmed N, Islam MS, Hossain MM, Islam MM

Affiliation(s): Department of Anaesthesia, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbagh, Dhaka, Bangladesh. dilipbhowmick @yahoo.com

Publication date & source: 2011-01, Mymensingh Med J., 20(1):93-7.

Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

In a randomised case control study in children undergoing elective subumbilical surgery, we have assessed the clinical value of bupivacaine and bupivacaine-clonidine mixture for caudal analgesia. Sixty children aged 2-10 years, were allocated randomly to two equal groups (n=30) to receive 0.25% bupivacaine 1ml/kg (Group I) and 0.25% bupivacaine 1ml/kg with clonidine 2mug/kg (Group II). The baseline haemodynamic parameters, heart rate and blood pressure were recorded. Intraoperatively children in both groups maintained haemodynamic stability and required less amount of muscle relaxant. Duration of analgesia in minutes was assessed by the time interval between the caudal extradural injection and the first analgesic demand by the patient. It was significantly longer (p=0.000) in Group II (712 +/- 15.30 minutes) as compared with Group I (246 +/- 8.74 minutes). Group II required significantly less supplementary analgesia after operation. There was no significant difference in the incidence of side effects between the two groups. Group I received more doses of diclofenac suppository in first 24 postoperative hours. We conclude that, when added to bupivacaine, clonidine improves the duration of caudal analgesia in children undergoing subumbilical surgery.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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