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Bioequivalence study of generic tablet formulations containing ethinylestradiol and chlormadinone acetate in healthy female volunteers.

Author(s): Bonn M, Eydeler U, Barkworth M, Rovati LC

Affiliation(s): Madaus GmbH, Rottapharm Madaus Group, Cologne, Germany. m.bonn@madaus.de

Publication date & source: 2009, Arzneimittelforschung., 59(12):651-8.

Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

The bioavailability and bioequivalence of two different film coated tablets containing ethinylestradiol (CAS 57-63-6) and chlormadinone acetate (CAS 302-22-7) (Bellissima as test and the respective preparation from the originator as reference) were investigated in 20 healthy female volunteers after oral single-dose administration. The study was performed according to a single-center, randomised, single-dose, 2-way cross-over design with a wash-out phase of 28 days. Blood samples for pharmacokinetic profiling were taken up to 168 h post-dose, and ethinylestradiol and chlormadinone acetate plasma concentrations were determined with a validated LC-MS/MS method. The observed mean maximum plasma concentrations (Cmax) of ethinylestradiol were 124.96 pg/ml (test) and 129.12 pg/ml (reference). In the case of chlormadinone acetate, Cmax averaged 6.9566 ng/ml (test) and 6.6663 ng/m (reference). The geometric means of area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC(0-infinity)) of ethinylestradiol were 1292.35 pg/ml x h (test) and 1380.49 pg/ml x h (reference). For chlormadinone acetate, geometric means of AUC(0-infinity) were 53.322 ng/ml x h (test) and 58.111 ng/ml x h (reference). The median of tmax of ethinylestradiol was 1.5 h for both test and reference and the median of tmax of chlormadinone acetate 1.0 h (test) and 1.5 h (reference). Plasma elimination half-lives (t1/2) of ethinylestradiol were 14.96 h (test) and 15.41 h (reference) and of chlormadinone acetate 56.63 h (test) and 56.17 h (reference), respectively. Both primary target parameters AUC(0-infinity) and Cmax were tested parametrically by analysis of variance (ANOVA). The point estimator and the 90% confidence intervals for the AUC(0-infinity) ratio (test/reference: 93.72% [86.62%-101.39%]) indicate high similarity of both formulations with respect to the extent of ethinylestradiol exposure. A high degree of similarity was also observed for Cmax of ethinylestradiol, as the point estimator and the 90% confidence interval for the Cmax ratio are 96.18% (90.82%-101.86%). Regarding the AUC(0-infinity) ratio of chlormadinone acetate, the point estimator is 91.60% and the 90% confidence interval 84.08%-99.79%. Furthermore, exchangeability of both formulations is also suggested by the point estimator and 90% confidence of Cmax of this active agent (104.72% [95.76%-114.53%]). Bioequivalence between test and reference formulation was demonstrated since for both ethinylestradiol and chlormadinone acetate all 90% confidence intervals of AUC(0-infinity) and Cmax fall into the generally accepted range of 80%-125%.

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