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Phase III trial comparing adjuvant treatment with pegylated interferon Alfa-2b versus observation: prognostic significance of autoantibodies--EORTC 18991.

Author(s): Bouwhuis MG, Suciu S, Testori A, Kruit WH, Sales F, Patel P, Punt CJ, Santinami M, Spatz A, Ten Hagen TL, Eggermont AM

Affiliation(s): Department of Surgery, Division Surgical Oncology, Erasmus University Medical Center-Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Publication date & source: 2010-05-10, J Clin Oncol., 28(14):2460-6. Epub 2010 Apr 12.

Publication type: Clinical Trial, Phase III; Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

PURPOSE: Conflicting data have been reported concerning the prognostic value of autoimmune antibodies in patients with melanoma treated with adjuvant interferon alfa-2b (IFN). We evaluated the prognostic significance of autoantibodies in the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer 18991 trial, comparing long-term administration of pegylated IFN (PEG-IFN) with observation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Anticardiolipin, antithyroglobulin, and antinuclear antibodies were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays in 296 patients before random assignment and every 6 months after random assignment for up to 5 years. Prognostic impact of autoantibodies on recurrence-free survival (RFS) was assessed using the following three Cox models: a model that considered autoantibody appearance as a time-independent variable (model 1); a model that considered a patient to be autoantibody positive from the first positive test (model 2); and a model in which the most recent autoantibody test was used to define the status of the patient (model 3). RESULTS: Patients who were autoantibody negative at baseline were analyzed (n = 220). Occurrence of autoantibodies during follow-up was higher in the PEG-IFN-treated patients (18% in the observation arm v 52% in the PEG-IFN arm). Autoantibody appearance was of prognostic importance by using model 1 (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.56; 95% CI, 0.36 to 0.87; P = .01). However, when guarantee-time bias was taken into account using model 2 (HR = 1.19; 95% CI, 0.75 to 1.88; P = .46) or method 3 (HR = 1.14; 95% CI, 0.71 to 1.83; P = .59), significance was lost. Results were similar when treatment groups were analyzed separately. CONCLUSION: Appearance of autoimmune antibodies is neither a prognostic nor a predictive factor for improved outcome in patients with melanoma treated with PEG-IFN.

Page last updated: 2010-10-05

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