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Role of alpha-adrenergic blockade in the cardiovascular actions of ketanserin: studies in patients with essential hypertension, autonomic insufficiency, and Raynaud's phenomenon.

Author(s): Brouwer RM, Wenting GJ, Man in't Veld AJ, Schalekamp MA

Affiliation(s): Department of Internal Medicine I, University Hospital Dykzigt Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Publication date & source: 1987, J Cardiovasc Pharmacol., 10 Suppl 3:S26-31.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

It remains to be established whether ketanserin's antihypertensive effect is caused by S2-serotonergic blockade, by alpha 1-adrenergic blockade, or by a combination of both. Ketanserin, 10 mg i.v. or 40 mg t.i.d. orally, blocked the serotonin-induced contractions of hand veins in patients with essential hypertension. Intravenous ketanserin had no effect on the venoconstrictor action of noradrenaline. The increase in digital blood flow after i.v. ketanserin, as measured by the change in digital skin temperature in patients with Raynaud's phenomenon, was not blocked by phentolamine or pretreatment with prazosin. Intravenous ketanserin also lowered arterial pressure in patients with autonomic insufficiency who were unresponsive to phentolamine. These observations suggest that alpha-adrenergic blockade is not the sole mechanism of ketanserin's cardiovascular actions in humans.

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