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Comparative study of single-dose cefotaxime and multiple doses of cefoxitin and cefazolin as prophylaxis in gynecologic surgery.

Author(s): Campillo F, Rubio JM

Affiliation(s): Hospital Ramon y Cajal, Carretera de Colmenar, Madrid, Spain.

Publication date & source: 1992-10, Am J Surg., 164(4A Suppl):12S-15S.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

In this comparative, randomized, multicenter trial, 273 patients scheduled for gynecologic surgery were studied: 87 received a single 1-g dose of cefotaxime 30 minutes before surgery; 81 were given a 1-g dose of cefoxitin 30 minutes before surgery and 1 g every 6 hours for 24 hours after surgery (total dose 4 g); and 105 received a 1-g dose of cefazolin 30 minutes before surgery, followed by 1 g every 8 hours for 48 hours (total dose 6 g). Patients who received cefotaxime had a significantly lower incidence of postoperative fever compared with those treated with cefoxitin or cefazolin (p < 0.01). The incidence of positive urinary cultures was lower in the cefotaxime and cefazolin groups when compared with the cefoxitin group (p < 0.01 and p < 0.05, respectively). The results of this study confirm the efficacy of cefotaxime as prophylaxis in surgical infections and demonstrate that single-dose cefotaxime is more effective than a four-dose regimen of cefoxitin.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

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