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Granisetron versus ondansetron treatment for breakthrough postoperative nausea and vomiting after prophylactic ondansetron failure: a pilot study.

Author(s): Candiotti KA, Nhuch F, Kamat A, Deepika K, Arheart KL, Birnbach DJ, Lubarsky DA

Affiliation(s): Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative Medicine and Pain Management, University of Miami School of Medicine, Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, Florida 33101, USA. kcandiotti@miami.edu

Publication date & source: 2007-06, Anesth Analg., 104(6):1370-3, table of contents.

Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

INTRODUCTION: Patients with an increased risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are frequently given prophylactic doses of a selective 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 antagonist (5HT3). In chemotherapy patients, it has been demonstrated that after unsuccessful treatment with one 5HT3 administering a different 5HT3 alleviated symptoms. We hypothesized that we could define a benefit of a 5HT3, cross-over in a pilot study of PONV. Two-hundred-fifty female patients received prophylactic ondansetron 4 mg at the end of a surgical procedure requiring general anesthesia and were then followed postoperatively for 4 h. METHODS: Eighty-eight women developed PONV and were randomly assigned to receive a repeat dose of ondansetron 4 mg (n = 30), granisetron 1 mg (n = 30), or granisetron 0.1 mg (n = 28) and then followed for 24 h. RESULTS: Patients receiving the repeat dose of ondansetron showed a complete response of 57%. Those receiving 1 or 0.1 mg doses of granisetron had rates of 60% and 68%, respectively. This difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.773). CONCLUSION: Unlike patients with chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, perioperative patients who failed ondansetron prophylaxis did not have a significant response to cross-over dosing with granisetron.

Page last updated: 2007-08-04

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