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Ketorolac plus Tobramycin/Dexamethasone versus Tobramycin/Dexamethasone after Uneventful Phacoemulsification Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Author(s): Chatziralli IP, Papazisis L, Sergentanis TN

Affiliation(s): Department of Ophthalmology, Veroia General Hospital, Veroia, Greece.

Publication date & source: 2010-09-24, Ophthalmologica., 225(2):89-94 [Epub ahead of print]

Background/Aims: To evaluate the benefit of adding a nonsteroid agent to an antibiotic/steroid combination after uneventful phacoemulsification, adopting a weekly follow-up, to gain insight into the optimal duration of postoperative treatment and to examine whether risk factors for inflammation exist. Methods: Patients were randomized to (i) tobramycin 0.3%-dexamethasone 0.1%, 1 drop q.i.d. (n = 72), and (ii) a combination of tobramycin 0.3%-dexamethasone 0.1%, 1 drop q.i.d., plus ketorolac tromethamine 0.5%, 1 drop t.i.d. (n = 73). On days 7, 14, 21 and 28, the frequency of inflammation-related signs (corneal edema, conjunctival hyperemia, anterior chamber or Tyndall reaction) as well as best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) were measured. On day 21, logistic regression was performed to evaluate risk factors for inflammation. Results: The frequency of inflammation-related signs did not differ between the 2 groups at any time point, neither did BCVA. On day 21, pseudoexfoliation was associated with the presence of any inflammation-related sign (OR = 4.5; 95% CI: 1.2-16.0; p = 0.022). No evidence of clinically significant cystoid macular edema became evident in either group. Conclusion: The addition of ketorolac did not seem to offer any additional benefit in terms of inflammation-related signs. Four weeks appeared as an adequate treatment interval. Special attention should be paid to patients with pseudoexfoliation. Copyright (c) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Page last updated: 2010-10-05

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