DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Effects of caponization and testosterone implantation on immunity in male chickens.

Author(s): Chen KL, Tsay SM, Chiou PW, Chen TW, Weng BC

Affiliation(s): Department of Animal Science, National Chiayi University, Chiayi, Taiwan.

Publication date & source: 2009-09, Poult Sci., 88(9):1832-7.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

This study examined the effects of caponization using different doses of testosterone (TES) on sexuality, hematology, and immune responses in male chickens. Healthy male chickens were caponized at 12 wk of age and selected at 16 wk of age for a 10-wk experiment. Fifteen intact male and 15 caponized male chickens were assigned to trial 1. In trial 2, ten sham-operated male chickens (sham) and 40 capons (randomly divided into 4 treatments) were implanted with cholesterol (CHOL, 9.24+/-0.36 mg), low TES (5.88+/-0.23 mg), medium TES (9.81+/-0.17 mg), or high TES (16.7+/-0.24 mg) administered at 16, 20, and 24 wk of age. Results from trial 1 showed caponization decreased the comb length, height and weight, and hematocrit (P<0.05) and increased the hemagglutination inhibition (HI; 1 wk postchallenge) and hemagglutination titer after Newcastle disease virus (NDV) and SRBC injections (P<0.05). In trial 2, the medium TES increased the comb length and height as compared with the CHOL group. Only the high TES increased the comb weight (P<0.05). The HI titer (1 wk postchallenge) in the CHOL group was higher than the sham (P<0.05). The medium TES decreased the HI titer (P<0.05) to the level of the sham (P>0.05). The phytohemagglutinin response was higher in the high TES group 24 h postinjection (P<0.05) and in the medium TES 48 h postinjection (P<0.05) as compared with the CHOL group. High dose TES implantation decreased the white blood cell counts as compared with the CHOL and sham groups (P<0.05). It appears that caponization decreased the blood androgen concentration and enhanced the humoral (anti-NDV and anti-SRBC) immune response. Testosterone implantation up to a threshold concentration could inhibit the humoral (anti-NDV) immune response and increase the cell-mediated (phytohemagglutinin) immune response.

Page last updated: 2009-10-20

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017