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Randomized comparison trial of teicoplanin i.v., teicoplanin i.m., and cefazolin therapy for skin and soft tissue infections caused by gram-positive bacteria.

Author(s): Chirurgi VA, Edelstein H, Oster SE, Karp R, Cassano KB, Aiken S, McCabe RE

Affiliation(s): Medical Service, Veterans Administration Medical Center, Martinez, CA 94553.

Publication date & source: 1994-09, South Med J., 87(9):875-80.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

Teicoplanin, a glycopeptide antibiotic chemically related to the vancomycin-ristocetin group of antibiotics, has potent activity against aerobic and anaerobic gram-positive bacteria. In this study, we examined the efficacy and safety of teicoplanin for parenteral treatment of skin and soft tissue infections caused by gram-positive bacteria. Ninety-six hospitalized adults with moderate to severe skin and soft tissue infections were randomized to receive either teicoplanin intravenously (i.v.) once a day, teicoplanin intramuscularly (i.m.) once a day, or cefazolin i.v. every 8 hours. We evaluated patients' clinical and microbiologic status and assessed clinical and laboratory adverse events. Of 76 clinically assessable patients, 26 of 26 (100%) given teicoplanin i.v., 21 of 22 (95%) given teicoplanin i.m., and 26 of 28 (93%) given cefazolin showed improvement or cure. Of 60 microbiologically assessable patients, 22 of 22 (100%) given teicoplanin i.v., 16 of 18 (89%) given teicoplanin i.m, and 18 of 20 (90%) given cefazolin were cured. Of 96 patients assessable for adverse events, 7 of 34 (21%) given teicoplanin i.v., 4 of 31 (13%) give teicoplanin i.m., and 1 of 31 (3%) given cefazolin had adverse events. In this study, once daily teicoplanin appeared to be safe and effective therapy for skin and soft tissue infections.

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