DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Intravenous immunoglobulin treatment for secondary recurrent miscarriage: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Author(s): Christiansen OB(1), Larsen EC, Egerup P, Lunoee L, Egestad L, Nielsen HS.

Affiliation(s): Author information: (1)Fertility Clinic 4071, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark.

Publication date & source: 2015, BJOG. , 122(4):500-8

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether infusions with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) during early pregnancy increase live birth rate in women with secondary recurrent miscarriage compared with placebo. DESIGN: A single-centre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: A tertiary centre for recurrent miscarriage in Copenhagen, Denmark. POPULATION: A group of 82 women with unexplained secondary recurrent miscarriage and at least four miscarriages. METHODS: Women were randomly assigned to repeated infusions with IVIg or placebo (albumin) from the time of positive pregnancy test to gestational week 15 or pregnancy loss. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Primary outcome was birth with neonatal survival in all randomised women. RESULTS: In the intention-to-treat analyses, live birth rates were 23/42 (54.8%) in the IVIg and 20/40 (50.0%) in the placebo group, relative risk 1.11 (95% CI 0.70-1.74). In a per protocol analysis, almost identical results were found. The median gestational length at delivery was higher in the IVIg than the placebo group (282 versus 272 days, P = 0.02) but the mean birthweight was not significantly increased. CONCLUSIONS: In this trial, which is the largest so far, IVIg did not increase the live birth rate in patients with secondary recurrent miscarriage and the treatment cannot be recommended in clinical practice.

Page last updated: 2015-08-10

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017