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Effects of lovastatin on the pharmacokinetics of nicardipine in rats.

Author(s): Chung JW, Yang SH, Choi JS

Affiliation(s): College of Medicine, Chosun University, Dong-Gu, Gwangju, South Korea.

Publication date & source: 2010-10, Biopharm Drug Dispos., 31(7):436-41.

It has been reported that both nicardipine and lovastatin are substrates of both the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A subfamily and P-glycoprotein (P-gp), and P-gp transport is unlikely to be a significant factor. Thus, the effects of oral lovastatin on the pharmacokinetics of intravenous and oral nicardipine were investigated in rats. Nicardipine was administered intravenously (4 mg/kg) and orally (12 mg/kg) with 0 (control), 0.3 and 1 mg/kg of oral lovastatin to rats. Lovastatin was administered 30 min before nicardipine administration. After intravenous administration of nicardipine with 0, 0.3 and 1 mg/kg of lovastatin, the total areas under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to infinity (AUCs) of nicardipine were not changed by lovastatin. However, after oral administration of nicardipine with 1 mg/kg of oral lovastatin, the AUC of nicardipine was significantly greater (by 67.4%), and the extent of absolute oral bioavailability (F) of nicardipine was increased (by 38.5%). The above data suggest that lovastatin did not considerably inhibit the metabolism of nicardipine via the hepatic CYP3A subfamily, but inhibited intestinal P-gp and/or the CYP3A subfamily. (c) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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