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The effect of tramadol on dento-alveolar surgical pain.

Author(s): Collins M, Young I, Sweeney P, Fenn GC, Stratford ME, Wilson A, Harris M

Affiliation(s): Joint Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Eastman Dental and University College Hospitals London, UK.

Publication date & source: 1997-02, Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg., 35(1):54-8.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

The aim of the study was to assess the analgesic effect of tramadol in the relief of pain after dentoalveolar operations that involve the removal of bone and suturing. Four-hundred and fifty-two patients over the age of 18 years who were to undergo removal of impacted teeth (n = 362), removal of root (n = 79), or alveolectomy, enucleation of cysts, or removal of soft tissue (n = 11) under local anesthesia were studied. Patients were randomly allocated to receive tramadol 100 mg or 50 mg four times daily, or 50 mg twice daily, or placebo. Median pain scores on the day of operation in the three tramadol groups were similar (2 in each group, ranges 1-5, 1-4.8, and 1-5 respectively) and were all significantly lower than that in the placebo group (2.3 range 1-4.2). The median number of Paracetamol tablets taken by patients in the three tramadol groups was 2 (ranges 0-8, 0-12 and 0-8 respectively), and were all significantly less than in the placebo group (4, range 0-12). More patients given tramadol reported complete pain relief than the placebo group. The advantages of tramadol continued over the next 2 days. There were no serious or unexpected adverse effects. It is concluded that tramadol is an effective analgesic after dentoalveolar operations.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

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