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Interaction of intravenous atrial natriuretic factor with furosemide in patients with heart failure.

Author(s): Connelly TP, Francis GS, Williams KJ, Beltran AM, Cohn JN

Affiliation(s): Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis 55455.

Publication date & source: 1994-02, Am Heart J., 127(2):392-9.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

Furosemide is frequently administered intravenously to patients with chronic heart failure. However, use of diuretics may cause neuroendocrine activation and by itself may not consistently afford diuresis. Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) in pharmacologic doses is a vasodilator and has favorable neuroendocrinologic effects in patients with congestive heart failure. To examine whether exogenous ANF might enhance the effects of acute furosemide injection, we studied 14 patients with chronic stable heart failure and measured the effects of the combination of ANF and furosemide on hemodynamics, neuroendocrine activation, and urine output. Eight patients were randomly assigned to receive placebo plus furosemide (1.3 mg/kg intravenously). Six patients received ANF (2 micrograms/kg intravenously) plus furosemide at the same dose in a double-blind manner. The group receiving placebo plus furosemide exhibited a slight increase in mean arterial pressure (92 to 96 mm Hg; p < 0.03), systemic vascular resistance (1989 to 2271 dynes.sec.cm-5; p = 0.0007), and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (22 to 24 mm Hg; p < 0.04) from baseline to 10 minutes. The group receiving ANF plus furosemide exhibited no change in mean arterial pressure and systemic vascular resistance from baseline to 10 minutes. Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure and mean pulmonary pressure were unchanged. In the group receiving placebo plus furosemide.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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