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Relationships between improvements in symptoms and patient assessments of bladder condition, symptom bother and health-related quality of life in patients with overactive bladder treated with tolterodine.

Author(s): Coyne KS, Elinoff V, Gordon DA, Deng DY, Brodsky M, Glasser DB, Jumadilova Z, Carlsson M

Affiliation(s): Center for Health Outcomes Research, United BioSource Corporation, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA. karin.coyne@unitedbiosource.com

Publication date & source: 2008-06, Int J Clin Pract., 62(6):925-31.

Publication type: Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

AIMS: Relationships were evaluated between treatment-related improvements in overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms as recorded in bladder diaries and patient-reported symptom bother, bladder-related problems and health-related quality of life (HRQL). METHODS: A post hoc analysis was performed on data from patients with OAB (n = 863) enrolled in a 12-week open-label trial of tolterodine extended release (ER) in a primary care setting. At baseline and week 12, patients recorded every micturition, urgency episode and urgency urinary incontinence episode in 3-day bladder diaries. Patients also completed the Overactive Bladder Questionnaire (OAB-q) and Patient Perception of Bladder Condition (PPBC). Relationships between week 12 changes in bladder diary variables and OAB-q and PPBC scores were evaluated using Spearman correlations. RESULTS: By week 12, tolterodine ER-related improvements in all bladder diary variables were significantly correlated with improvements on the PPBC (r = 0.26-0.36; p < 0.001), OAB-q Symptom Bother scale (r = 0.30-0.51; p < 0.001), and all OAB-q HRQL domains (r = -0.24 to -0.42; p < 0.001), although the correlations were generally small to moderate in size. Improvements on the PPBC were also significantly correlated with improvements on the OAB-q Symptom Bother scale (r = 0.63; p < 0.001) and all HRQL domains (r = -0.40 to -0.59; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Tolterodine ER-related improvements in OAB symptoms (assessed by diary variables) and patients' perceptions of the changes in symptom bother, bladder-related problems and HRQL (assessed by PPBC and OAB-q) were significantly correlated. The OAB-q and the PPBC provide a relevant and important patient perspective for OAB treatment evaluation.

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