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Use of leuprolide acetate plus tibolone in the treatment of severe premenstrual syndrome.

Author(s): Di Carlo C, Palomba S, Tommaselli GA, Guida M, Di Spiezio Sardo A, Nappi C.

Affiliation(s): Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Federico II of Naples, Via S. Pansini, 5, 80131 Naples, Italy.

Publication date & source: 2001, Fertil Steril. , 75(2):380-4

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of GnRH agonist (GnRH-a) plus tibolone in the treatment of severe premenstrual syndrome (PMS). DESIGN: Prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy. PATIENT(S); Thirty patients affected by severe PMS, aged 23-29 years (mean age +/- SD, 25.3 +/- 2.9 years). INTERVENTION(S): Treatment for two cycles with leuprolide acetate depot (3.75 mg IM for 28 days) in association with tibolone (2.5 mg/d orally) or placebo (1 tablet per day orally). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The mean severity of each symptom and sign of PMS was evaluated using a visual analog scale during the last 7 days of each treatment cycle in comparison with the last 7 days of the cycle before treatment. RESULT(S): Mean scores for each of the adverse psychological/physical and positive psychological symptoms were significantly improved during treatment. No statistically significant difference was detected between patients treated with tibolone and placebo. A significantly lower number of hot flushes per day was observed in groups treated with GnRH-a and tibolone in comparison with GnRH-a and placebo. CONCLUSION(S): Tibolone administered in association with GnRH-a does not reduce the therapeutic effect of GnRH-a in women affected by PMS. Tibolone used in association with GnRH-a may provide long-term medical treatment for women with PMS.

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