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A randomized double-blind study comparing 25 and 50 mg TC-1734 (AZD3480) with placebo, in older subjects with age-associated memory impairment.

Author(s): Dunbar GC, Kuchibhatla RV, Lee G

Affiliation(s): Targacept Inc., Winston Salem, NC, USA. geoffrey.dunbar@targacept.com

Publication date & source: 2011-08, J Psychopharmacol., 25(8):1020-9. Epub 2010 Jun 11.

Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Cognitive decline is a feature of ageing and can be defined as normal (age-associated memory impairment) or pathological (mild cognitive impairment/Alzheimer's disease). Stimulation of selective brain-specific neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors might offer symptomatic treatment for normal ageing. The objective of this study was to assess the safety, tolerability and efficacy of TC-1734 (AZD3480), a selective alpha4beta2 nicotinic agonist, in the treatment of age-associated memory impairment. A randomized placebo-controlled trial was conducted in 16 community-based centers within the USA. Subjects who met objective criteria for age-associated memory impairment were recruited between November 2004 and December 2005. Subjects were randomly assigned to receive orally 25 mg (n = 59), 50 mg (n = 68) TC-1734 (AZD3480) or placebo (n = 66) in a double-blind fashion for 16 weeks. Main outcome measures included routine clinical safety measures, tolerability, cognitive assessment via the Cognitive Drug Research computerized test battery and a Subject Global Impression Scale of Cognition (SCI-Cog). Two outcomes from the computerized test battery - a factor assessing attention and one assessing episodic memory, along with the SGI-Cog were defined as co-primary outcome variables. Baseline to Week 16 differences from placebo for 50 mg TC-1734 (AZD3480) were considered of primary importance. For 50 mg TC-1734 (AZD3480) attention factor the mean drug-placebo difference was 22.9 (95% confidence interval 4.8 to 41.4) p = 0.01 for episodic memory factor the difference was -7.6 (95% confidence interval -14.4 to -0.8), p = 0.029, and for the SGI-Cog the difference was 0.99 (95% confidence interval 0.2 to 1.8), p = 0.015. As all three co-primary outcomes were positive it can be concluded the compound likely had a beneficial effect on cognition. TC-1734 (AZD3480) appeared safe and well tolerated in this study.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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