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Effects of nonsteroidal ophthalmic drops on epithelial healing and pain in patients undergoing bilateral photorefractive keratectomy (PRK).

Author(s): Durrie DS, Kennard MG, Boghossian AJ

Affiliation(s): Durrie Vision, Overland Park, Kansas 66211, USA. ddurrie@durrievision.com

Publication date & source: 2007-11, Adv Ther., 24(6):1278-85.

Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

The present study, which was designed as a prospective, double-masked, randomized, controlled, single-site study, was conducted to compare the effects of 3 approved ophthalmic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs-nepafenac ophthalmic suspension 0.1% (Nevanac; Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, Tex), ketorolac tromethamine ophthalmic solution 0.4% (Acular LS; Allergan, Irvine, Calif), and bromfenac 0.09% (Xibromtrade mark; ISTA Pharmaceuticals, Irvine, Calif)-on corneal reepithelialization and postoperative pain control in patients undergoing photorefractive keratectomy. In addition to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, each patient received an antibiotic-moxifloxacin hydrochloride ophthalmic solution 0.5% (nepafenac group) or gatifloxacin ophthalmic solution 0.3% (ketorolac and bromfenac groups). All treatments were administered 3 times daily beginning 1 d preoperatively and continuing for 1 wk postoperatively; prednisolone acetate 1.0% was administered concurrently 4 times daily. Bandage contact lenses were replaced at each postoperative visit for corneal staining and epithelial defect grading. Self-evaluation of pain relief was recorded on postoperative days 1 and 3 with the use of a visual analog scale. A total of 29 patients (58 eyes) were enrolled and underwent bilateral custom photorefractive keratectomy. Mean time to reepithelialization was 5.50+/-1.59 d for the nepafenac 0.1% group, 5.62+/-1.23 d for the ketorolac 0.4% group, and 7.25+/-2.53 d for the bromfenac 0.09% group. A significant difference was detected between nepafenac 0.1% and bromfenac 0.09% and between ketorolac 0.4% and bromfenac 0.09% (P<.05). Significant reductions in pain scores were observed with nepafenac 0.1% on day 1 (-1.13) and day 3 (-1.32), ketorolac 0.4% on day 3 (-0.88), and bromfenac 0.09% on day 3 (-0.83). No adverse events were reported. Eyes treated with nepafenac 0.1% or ketorolac 0.4% achieved complete reepithelialization significantly faster than those treated with bromfenac 0.09%. Daily contact lens removal and application of fluorescein may have delayed reepithelialization in the overall population; however, the effect would have been the same in all 3 groups. Pain relief with nepafenac 0.1% was achieved sooner than with ketorolac 0.4% or bromfenac 0.09%.

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