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[Comparison of the therapeutic efficacy of the piperacillin/tazobactame combination vs. ampicillin and gentamycin in in the management of post-cesarean endometritis]

Author(s): Figueroa-Damian R, Villagrana-Zesati R, San Martin-Herrasti JM, Arredondo-Garcia JL

Affiliation(s): Departamento de Infectologia e Inmunologia, Instituto Nacional de Perinatologia, Mexico, D.F.

Publication date & source: 1996-05, Ginecol Obstet Mex., 64:214-8.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

Traditionally obstetric infections have been treated with combination antimicrobial agents that provide coverage against aerobic and anaerobic bacteria commonly found in these infections. New antibiotics may be a monotherapy alternative for this type of infections. The objective of the study was to compare the efficacy of the agent piperacillin/tazobactam against ampicillin plus gentamicin in the treatment of postcesarean endometritis. By randomized way 14 patients were enrolled in the piperacillin/tazobactam group and 42 in the ampicillin-gentamicin group. A favorable clinical response occurred in 78.6% of piperacillin/tazobactam patients and 88.1% of ampicillin and gentamicin patients (p = NS). There was no statistically significant difference in the times to recovery and days of hospitalization between the two groups. The combination piperacillin/tazobactam did not show advantage towards the standard treatment, so combination antimicrobial agent continue been the optimal approach to the management of obstetric infection.

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