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[Fixed-combination of losartan/hydrochlorothiazide 100 mg/25 mg. Tolerability and efficacy on blood pressure measured in the practice and for 24 hours]

Author(s): Forster A, Smolka W, Jung C, Bestehorn K

Affiliation(s): MSD Sharp & Dohme GmbH, Munchen-Haar.

Publication date & source: 2007-09-13, MMW Fortschr Med., 149 Suppl 3:111-8.

Publication type: Comparative Study; English Abstract

BACKGROUND: A high proportion of patients with essential hypertension need a combination therapy to reach the therapeutic goal. In the present study, the tolerability and efficacy of a fixed, once daily combination of the AT1 blocker Losartan (100 mg) and the diuretic hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) (25 mg) for patients in the real-life situation was investigated. Special consideration was given to the results of ambulatory 24-hourblood pressure (ABP) measurements. METHODS: The open label, prospective non-interventional surveillance study took place from October 2005 to June 2006. A total of 1139 patients over 18 years in age were included whose blood pressures could not be adequately treated with HCTZ alone and for whom an individual dose titration for Losartan and HCTZ had already been performed. RESULTS: The average age (+/- standard deviation) of the patients was 61.2 +/- 11.6 years; 55.8% were men. Comorbidities were common. Specifically, left ventricular hypertrophy was present in 3.1% of the patients, coronary heart disease in 30.1%, chronic heart failure in 11.8% and status post myocardial infarction in 10.5%, respectively. In addition to the Losartan/HCTZ treatment, 61.0% of the patients received a second antihypertensive medicine. After an average treatment duration of 50.4 +/- 17.2 days, the base line systolic blood pressure of 160.8 +/- 16.3 mmHg decreased by 24.0 +/- 17.0 mmHg (-14.4%) and the diastolic blood pressure of 94.4 +/- 9.9 mmHg decreased by 11.8 +/- 10.2 mmHg (-11.8%). For the ABP measurements, the overall average systolic and diastolic blood pressures fell by 16.9 +/- 14.2 mmHg and 8.8 +/-10.3 mmHg, the day average by 17.3 +/- 14.8 mmHg and 9.0 +/- 10.2 mmHg and the night average by 15.1 +/- 17.6 mmHg and 7.8 +/- 11.7 mmHg, respectively. In twelve of the 1139 patients (1.1%), a total of 15 adverse events occurred. A causal connection with the medication was suspected in only in one case (one patient with three). CONCLUSION: The combination of Losartan/HCTZ 100/25 mg, as the exclusive therapy or in addition to other antihypertensive medicines, was for patients, many of whom who had comorbidities, in the real-life situation well tolerated and effective. The efficacy was demonstrated also during the night through ABP.

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