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Albumin versus normal saline for dehydrated term infants with metabolic acidosis due to acute diarrhea.

Author(s): Han JJ, Yim HE, Lee JH, Kim YK, Jang GY, Choi BM, Yoo KH, Hong YS

Affiliation(s): Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Publication date & source: 2009-06, J Perinatol., 29(6):444-7. Epub 2009 Jan 22.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

To compare the efficacy of albumin to normal saline (NS) for initial hydration therapy for dehydrated term infants with severe metabolic acidosis due to acute diarrhea. STUDY DESIGN: We randomized 33 infants presenting with moderate-to-severe dehydration and metabolic acidosis (pH <7.25 or base excess (BE) <-15) into two groups, an albumin group (n=15) and a NS group (n=18). For initial hydration treatment, the albumin group received 5% albumin (10 ml kg(-1)), whereas the NS group received NS (10 ml kg(-1)). RESULT: After 3 h of treatment, both groups improved. However, the magnitude of improvement in the pH, BE and HCO(3)(-) levels were not different in comparisons between these two groups. In addition, there were no differences either in the body weight and weight gain 4 days after treatment or in the length of hospital stay. CONCLUSION: Albumin was not more effective than NS for initial hydration treatment of dehydrated term infants with metabolic acidosis due to acute diarrhea.

Page last updated: 2009-10-20

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