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Hand bone loss in patients with psoriatic arthritis: posthoc analysis of IMPACT II data comparing infliximab and placebo.

Author(s): Hoff M(1), Kavanaugh A, Haugeberg G.

Affiliation(s): Author information: (1)Department of Rheumatology, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim, Norway. mari.hoff@ntnu.no

Publication date & source: 2013, J Rheumatol. , 40(8):1344-8

OBJECTIVE: In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) treatment is shown to reduce but not to arrest the rate of hand bone loss. This has not been assessed in psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Our objective was to examine changes in cortical hand bone density in patients with PsA treated with placebo or infliximab (IFX). METHODS: Patients in IMPACT II (Induction and Maintenance Psoriatic Arthritis Clinical Trial 2) were randomized to placebo or IFX. After Week 24, all received IFX. In a subset of 120 patients, cortical hand bone density was assessed at Weeks 0, 24, and 54 by digital X-ray radiogrammetry (dxr-BMD) on the same radiographs scored for joint damage. RESULTS: Changes from baseline to 24 weeks in dxr-BMD were -0.30% (SD 1.1%) in the placebo group and -0.08% (SD 1.4%) in the IFX group (p = 0.63). Between baseline and 54 weeks the changes were -0.71% (SD 2.1%) in the placebo group and 0.15% (SD 1.7%) in the IFX group (p = 0.07), and between 24 and 54 weeks -0.41% (SD 1.4%) and 0.23% (SD 0.8%), respectively (p = 0.05). No significant correlation was found between change in dxr-BMD and radiographic damage. CONCLUSION: This pilot study indicates that hand bone loss in PsA patients treated with anti-TNF can be arrested. Assessment of hand bone density may thus be a potential outcome measure for bone involvement and a response variable to treatment in PsA.

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