DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Secretagogue type, sex-steroid milieu, and abdominal visceral adiposity individually determine secretagogue-stimulated cortisol secretion.

Author(s): Iranmanesh A, Bowers CY, Veldhuis JD

Affiliation(s): Endocrine Section, Department of Medicine, Salem Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Salem, Virginia 24153, USA.

Publication date & source: 2010-06, Eur J Endocrinol., 162(6):1043-9. Epub 2010 Mar 18.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

DESIGN: While androgens and estrogens control glucocorticoid secretion in animal models, how the sex-steroid milieu determines cortisol secretion in humans is less clear. To address this issue, cortisol was measured in archival sera obtained at 10-min intervals for 5 h in 42 healthy men administered double placebo, placebo and testosterone, testosterone and dutasteride (to block 5alpha-reductases type I and type II), or testosterone and anastrozole (to block aromatase) in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, prospectively randomized design. METHODS: Subjects received i.v. injection of saline, GHRH, GH-releasing peptide-2 (GHRP-2), somatostatin (SS), and GHRP-2/GHRH/l-arginine (triple stimulus) each on separate mornings fasting. Outcomes comprised cortisol concentrations, pulsatile cortisol secretion, and relationships with age or abdominal visceral fat (AVF). RESULTS: By ANCOVA, baseline (saline-infused) cortisol concentrations (nmol/l) did not differ among the sex-steroid milieus (overall mean 364+/-14). In contrast, stimulated peak cortisol concentrations were strongly determined by secretagogue type (P<0.001) as follows: triple stimulus (868+/-27)>GHRP-2 (616+/-42)>saline=SS=GHRH (grand mean 420+/-21). After GHRP-2 injection, pulsatile cortisol secretion increased with age (R(2)=0.16, P=0.012). After the triple stimulus, pulsatile cortisol secretion correlated i) inversely with serum 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) concentrations (R(2)=0.53, P=0.026) and ii) directly with computerized tomography-estimated AVF (R(2)=0.11, P=0.038). CONCLUSION: Age, DHT concentrations, AVF, and secretagogue type influence pulsatile cortisol secretion at least in men. Further studies should be performed to assess ACTH secretion and native ghrelin action in defined sex-steroid milieus.

Page last updated: 2010-10-05

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017