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Double-blind comparative study of droperidol, granisetron and granisetron plus dexamethasone as prophylactic anti-emetic therapy in patients undergoing abdominal, gynaecological, breast or otolaryngological surgery.

Author(s): Janknegt R, Pinckaers JW, Rohof MH, Ausems ME, Arbouw ME, van der Velden RW, Brouwers JR

Affiliation(s): Maasland Ziekenhuis, PO Box 5500, 6130 MB Sittard, The Netherlands.

Publication date & source: 1999-11, Anaesthesia., 54(11):1059-68.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

In this double-blind study the clinical efficacy of a single pre-operative intravenous dose of droperidol 1.25 mg (137 patients), granisetron 1 mg (130 patients) and granisetron 1 mg plus dexamethasone 5 mg (130 patients) was investigated for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting after gynaecological surgery, breast surgery, abdominal surgery and ear, nose and throat surgery. The incidence of nausea in the first 24 h postoperatively was 52% in the droperidol group, 48% in the granisetron group and 34% with the combination, respectively. Both granisetron and granisetron/dexamethasone performed better than droperidol in their effects on vomiting or combined nausea and vomiting (incidence in the first 24 h 22%, 18% and 42%, respectively). The number of emetic episodes during the 5-day study period was significantly higher in the droperidol group (198) than in the granisetron (73) or combination group (78).

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

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