DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Multicenter, 4-Week, Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Lubiprostone, a Locally-Acting Type-2 Chloride Channel Activator, in Patients With Chronic Constipation.

Author(s): Johanson JF, Morton D, Geenen J, Ueno R

Affiliation(s): University of Illinois College of Medicine, Rockford, Illinois, USA.

Publication date & source: 2007-10-04, Am J Gastroenterol., [Epub ahead of print]

OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of lubiprostone in adults with chronic constipation. METHODS: This multicenter, parallel-group, double-blind controlled trial enrolled 242 patients with constipation and randomized them to receive oral lubiprostone 24 mcg or placebo twice daily for 4 wk. The primary efficacy end point was the number of spontaneous bowel movements (SBMs; those occurring without use of constipation relieving medications) after 1 wk of double-blind treatment. Other evaluations included SBMs at weeks 2, 3, and 4; bowel movement (BM) characteristics (i.e., consistency and straining); constipation severity; abdominal bloating/discomfort; global treatment effectiveness ratings; and safety assessments. RESULTS: The 120 lubiprostone-treated patients reported a greater mean number of SBMs at week 1 compared with the 122 placebo-treated patients (5.69 vs 3.46, P= 0.0001), with a greater frequency of SBMs also reported at weeks 2, 3, and 4 (P</= 0.002). Within 24 h of the first dose of study drug, 56.7% of those given lubiprostone reported a SBM compared with 36.9% of those given placebo (P= 0.0024); within 48 h, 80% and 60.7% of these patients reported a SBM (P= 0.0013), respectively. Stool consistency, straining, and constipation severity, as well as patient-reported assessments of treatment effectiveness, were significantly improved with lubiprostone compared with placebo at all weeks (P</= 0.0003). The two most common treatment-related adverse events were nausea (31.7%) and headache (11.7%). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with chronic constipation, treatment with lubiprostone produces a BM in the majority of individuals within 24-48 h of initial dosing and improves the frequency as well as other characteristics associated with BMs with short-term (i.e., 4 wk) treatment. The most commonly reported adverse event was mild to moderate nausea, which resulted in treatment discontinuation in 5% of treated patients.

Page last updated: 2007-10-18

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017