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Outcomes in diabetic and nondiabetic patients treated with everolimus- or paclitaxel-eluting stents: results from the SPIRIT IV clinical trial (Clinical Evaluation of the XIENCE V Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System).

Author(s): Kereiakes DJ, Cutlip DE, Applegate RJ, Wang J, Yaqub M, Sood P, Su X, Su G, Farhat N, Rizvi A, Simonton CA, Sudhir K, Stone GW

Affiliation(s): The Christ Hospital Heart and Vascular Center and The Carl and Edyth Lindner Center for Research and Education, Cincinnati, Ohio 45219, USA. Lindner@thechristhospital.com

Publication date & source: 2010-12-14, J Am Coll Cardiol., 56(25):2084-9.

Publication type: Comparative Study; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

OBJECTIVES: We compared the safety and efficacy of the XIENCE V (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, California) everolimus-eluting stent (EES) with the TAXUS Express (Boston Scientific, Natick, Massachusetts) paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) among the large cohort of randomized diabetic patients enrolled in the SPIRIT IV (Clinical Evaluation of the XIENCE V Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System) trial. BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus remains a significant predictor of adverse clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents, and the comparative outcomes of different drug-eluting stents in diabetic patients remains ill-defined. METHODS: In the SPIRIT IV trial, 3,687 patients with up to 3 de novo native coronary artery lesions were prospectively randomized 2:1 to receive EES or PES. Randomization was stratified by the presence of diabetes and lesion complexity. The primary end point was the occurrence of target lesion failure (TLF) (cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction, or ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization) at 1 year. Clinical outcomes were evaluated in randomized diabetic (n = 1,185 [786 EES; 399 PES]) and nondiabetic patients (n = 2,498 [1,669 EES; 829 PES]). RESULTS: The EES compared with PES reduced TLF in nondiabetic patients (3.1% vs. 6.7%, p < 0.0001), with significant reductions in myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, and target lesion revascularization. In contrast, no difference in TLF (6.4% vs. 6.9%, respectively, p = 0.80) or any of its components was present among diabetic patients, regardless of insulin use. A significant interaction between the presence of diabetes and stent type on TLF (p(interaction) = 0.02) was observed. CONCLUSIONS: In the SPIRIT IV randomized trial, EES compared with PES provided similar clinical outcomes in diabetic patients and superior clinical outcomes in nondiabetic patients at 1 year. (SPIRIT IV Clinical Trial: Clinical Evaluation of the XIENCE V Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System in the Treatment of Subjects With de Novo Native Coronary Artery Lesions; NCT00307047). Copyright (c) 2010 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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