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Metronidazole vs. erythromycin, neomycin, and cefazolin in prophylaxis for colonic surgery.

Author(s): Khubchandani IT, Karamchandani MC, Sheets JA, Stasik JJ, Rosen L, Riether RD

Affiliation(s): Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Allentown Affiliated Hospitals, Pennsylvania.

Publication date & source: 1989-01, Dis Colon Rectum., 32(1):17-20.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

A prospective, double-blind, randomized study was undertaken to compare perioperative parenteral metronidazole and erythromycin, One neomycin, and cefazolinhundred fifty-five patients were randomized into two groups by the pharmacy department. The resulting difference between the overall septic complication rate in patients receiving erythromycin, neomycin, and cefazolin (10.9 percent) and the rate in patients receiving metronidazole alone (31.9 percent) was significant. This indicates that an antibiotic to cover aerobic bacteria should be added to the regimen when metronidazole is used.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

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