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One-year effectiveness and safety of open-label losartan/hydrochlorothiazide combination therapy in Japanese patients with hypertension uncontrolled with ARBs or ACE inhibitors.

Author(s): Kita T, Yokota N, Ichiki Y, Ayabe T, Etoh T, Tamaki N, Kato J, Eto T, Kitamura K

Affiliation(s): Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Circulatory and Body Fluid Regulation, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan. kita@po.sphere.ne.jp

Publication date & source: 2010-04, Hypertens Res., 33(4):320-5. Epub 2010 Jan 15.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

The long-term antihypertensive efficacy and safety of losartan/hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) combinations have not been appropriately evaluated in Japan. In this study, treated hypertensive patients taking angiotensin-receptor blocker (ARB) or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) regimens not at blood pressure (BP) goals proposed by the Japanese Society of Hypertension (JSH) were switched to losartan/HCTZ combinations and followed for 1 year. Data analysis included 244 patients aged 64.5+/-10.7 years, 56% male, 27% with diabetes mellitus and 36% with dyslipidemia. Pre-switching BP 157+/-16/88+/-10 mm Hg promptly decreased and maintained a steady state, reaching 132+/-15/77+/-9 mm Hg (P<0.001) 1 year later. After 1 year of treatment, 50% of patients cleared the goals of the JSH guideline for systolic BP and 79% for diastolic BP. Patients with maximal doses of ARBs tended to show larger decreases in BP (159+/-11/90+/-10 to 128+/-10/75+/-8 mm Hg, P<0.001, n=32). Clinical and laboratory adverse events were reported for 29 patients (11%), but serious abnormalities were not observed. In particular, plasma levels of uric acid (UA) were well-maintained for 1 year, and significant decreases in UA were observed in patients with higher levels of UA (>/=7.0 mg dl(-1)). Losartan/HCTZ combinations showed strong and steady hypotensive abilities and acceptable safety and tolerability in patients currently not at BP goals with regimens including ARBs or ACEIs in Japan.

Page last updated: 2010-10-05

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