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The effect of levothyroxine and selenomethionine on lymphocyte and monocyte cytokine release in women with Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

Author(s): Krysiak R, Okopien B

Affiliation(s): Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Pharmacology, Medical University of Silesia, Medykow 18, PL 40-752 Katowice, Poland. r.krysiak@interia.pl

Publication date & source: 2011-07, J Clin Endocrinol Metab., 96(7):2206-15. Epub 2011 Apr 20.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

CONTEXT: No previous study determined monocyte- and lymphocyte-suppressing effects of levothyroxine and selenomethionine and assessed whether their coadministration is superior to treatment with only one of these drugs. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare the effect of levothyroxine and selenomethionine on monocyte and lymphocyte cytokine release and systemic inflammation in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND INTERVENTION: We conducted a randomized clinical trial involving a group of 170 ambulatory euthyroid women with recently diagnosed and previously untreated Hashimoto's thyroiditis and 41 matched healthy subjects. Participants were randomized in a double-blind fashion to receive a 6-month treatment with levothyroxine, selenomethionine, levothyroxine plus selenomethionine, or placebo. One hundred sixty-five patients completed the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Monocyte and lymphocyte release of proinflammatory cytokines and plasma levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) were assessed. RESULTS: Compared with the control subjects, monocytes and lymphocytes of Hashimoto's thyroiditis patients released greater amounts of all cytokines studied. Levothyroxine reduced monocyte release of TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, whereas selenomethionine inhibited lymphocyte release of IL-2, interferon-gamma, and TNF-alpha, which was accompanied by a reduction in plasma CRP levels. The decrease in cytokine release and in plasma CRP levels was strongest when both drugs were given together. CONCLUSIONS: Despite affecting different types of inflammatory cells, levothyroxine and selenomethionine exhibit a similar systemic antiinflammatory effect in euthyroid females with Hashimoto's thyroiditis. This action, which correlates with a reduction in thyroid peroxidase antibody titers, may be associated with clinical benefits in the prevention and management of Hashimoto's thyroiditis, particularly in subjects receiving both agents.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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