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Effect of passive repetitive isokinetic training on cytokines and hormonal changes.

Author(s): Lee SL, Chen KW, Chen ST, Chu PJ, Chen CS, Hsu MC, Shiang TY, Su MK, Chang MS, Chang YL, Wang SW

Affiliation(s): Department of Nutrition and Health Science, Chung Chou Institute of Technology, Yuanlin, Changhua, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Publication date & source: 2011-02-28, Chin J Physiol., 54(1):55-66.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

It is well known that muscle strength and power are important factors in exercise. Plyometrics is designed to gain muscle strength and power in a shock method. The passive repetitive isokinetic (PRI) machine is developed for plyometrics. The present study aims to understand the effect of ten-week PRI training in different intensities on human plasma concentration cytokines as well as hormonal changes. Thirty young male subjects were enrolled into the ten-week PRI training program and were divided randomly into traditional, low- and high-intensity PRI training groups. Blood samples were obtained before, during, after and 1-, 2-, 3-, 5- and 7-day (D) post-training. The plasma concentrations of cytokines and hormones were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Elevated plasma IL-2 was found in the subjects in all the training programs. Significant increases of proinflammatory cytokines IL-1beta and TNF-alpha were observed at post 7 D in the high-intensity PRI training (29.5 +/- 4.4 and 515.8 +/- 127.1 pg/ml, respectively). No significance in differences in the plasma concentration of IL-6 was observed in the traditional and low-intensity PRI training. Significant elevation of IL-6 was found at post 5 D in high-intensity PRI training. Higher plasma IL-6 concentration was observed at post 3 and 5 D in high-intensity PRI training compared to low-intensity PRI training (P < 0.05). Significant elevation of plasma IL-15 during (week 6) and after (post 0 D) was observed in low-intensity PRI training. Also, there were differences between low-intensity PRI training and traditional training at post 0, 2, 3, and 5 D. The plasma concentration of cortisol was decreased to the lowest value (118.0 +/- 17.3 ng/ml) at post 0 D in traditional training, then returned to the baseline (220.5 +/- 19.1 ng/ml). In the high-intensity PRI training, but not in the low-intensity PRI training, the cortisol level dropped from 224.9 +/- 25.8 ng/ml at post 0 D down to the 123.2 +/- 22.6 ng/ml at post 1 D. Significant differences were found at post 1 and 5 D between low- and high-intensity PRI training, and post 0, 1, 2, and 3 D between traditional and high-intensity PRI training. Significant increased testosterone was found post 0, 1, 2, and 3 D in traditional training. Higher plasma testosterone was observed during and the recovery period in low-intensity, but not in high-intensity, PRI training. In conclusion, high-intensity PRI training could induce the proinflammatory cytokines, i.e., IL-1beta and TNF-alpha, and decrease plasma cortisol in the recovery period.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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