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Effect of quinupristin/dalfopristin on the outcome of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium bacteraemia: comparison with a control cohort.

Author(s): Linden PK, Pasculle AW, McDevitt D, Kramer DJ

Affiliation(s): Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, PA, USA.

Publication date & source: 1997-05, J Antimicrob Chemother., 39 Suppl A:145-51.

Publication type: Clinical Trial

Serious infection with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREF) strains has no proven effective antimicrobial therapy. We compared the clinical and bacteriological outcomes of 20 patients with VREF bacteraemia treated with quinupristin/dalfopristin (RP 59500), an investigational streptogramin, with a historical cohort of 42 patients with VREF bacteraemia treated with other agents. Quinupristin/dalfopristin demonstrated in-vitro bacteriostatic activity against all 20 initial VREF blood isolates (MIC range 0.03-0.50 mg/L) by macrobroth dilution. The clinical characteristics of both groups were comparable for major outcome-dependent variables. There were five cases of recurrent VREF bacteraemia in the quinupristin/dalfopristin-treated cohort and 21 in the controls (P = 0.11); persistence of VREF at the primary site was found in six and 18 of the evaluable patients with follow-up cultures in these two cohorts (P = 0.06). In-hospital mortality was high in both groups: 65% in the quinupristin/dalfopristin group and 52% in the control group; however, VREF-associated mortality was significantly lower in the quinupristin/dalfopristin group (five and 17 respectively; P = 0.05). Follow-up susceptibility testing of five VREF isolates in the quinupristin/ dalfopristin group did not demonstrate resistance to quinupristin/dalfopristin. Quinupristin/ dalfopristin may be a useful agent for the therapy of serious VREF infection. Further clinical investigations are warranted to confirm or refute its clinical efficacy.

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