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Cost-minimization analysis of piperacillin/tazobactam versus imipenem/cilastatin for the treatment of serious infections: a Canadian hospital perspective.

Author(s): Marra FO, Frighetto LO, Marra CA, Sleigh KM, Stiver HG, Bryce EA, Reynolds RP, Jewesson PJ

Affiliation(s): Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre, Canada.

Publication date & source: 1999-02, Ann Pharmacother., 33(2):156-62.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

BACKGROUND: In 1998 we reported the first Canadian double-blind, randomized, clinical trial involving a comparison of piperacillin/tazobactam (P/T) with imipenem/cilastatin (I/C). The present study was conducted to determine the feasibility of replacing I/C at our institution. OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of a pharmacoeconomic analysis of the clinical trial from the perspective of a tertiary acute-care institution. METHODS: A total of 150 consenting adults originally prescribed I/C were randomly assigned to receive either P/T 4.5 g i.v. (n = 75) or I/C 500 mg i.v. (n = 75) every six hours. Actual direct medical resources used in relation to the treatment of bacterial infections were prospectively assessed during a clinical trial; these included cost of study and ancillary antibiotics, hospitalization, diagnostic testing (radiology, laboratory assessments), and labor, as well as treatment of adverse drug reactions, antibiotic failures, and superinfections. RESULTS: While costs for successful treatment courses were similar across treatment arms, hospitalization costs for treatment course failures were higher for P/T recipients. Direct medical costs for treatment courses associated with a superinfection were also higher in the P/T arm. Overall costs for treatment failures with either study drug were at least twofold those observed for successful treatment courses. Mean total management cost per patient in the P/T group was $15,211 ($ CDN throughout) (95% CI $11,429 to $18,993), compared with $14,232 (95% CI $11,421 to $17,043) in the I/C group (p = 0.32), resulting in a mean cost difference of $979. Sensitivity analyses revealed that the superiority of I/C over P/T for successful treatment of serious infections was sensitive to changes in the cost of hospitalization and drug efficacy for either drug. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results of the clinical trial, P/T and I/C offer similar clinical, microbiologic, and toxicity outcomes in hospitalized patients with serious infections. Under base-case conditions, our pharmacoeconomic analysis showed that I/C was a cost-effective alternative to P/T at the dosage regimens studied. However, this finding was sensitive to plausible changes in both clinical and economic parameters.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

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