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Comparative pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile of piperacillin/tazobactam 3.375G Q4H and 4.5G Q6H.

Author(s): Mattoes HM, Capitano B, Kim MK, Xuan D, Quintiliani R, Nightingale CH, Nicolau DP

Affiliation(s): Department of Pharmacy Research, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, Conn., USA.

Publication date & source: 2002-05, Chemotherapy., 48(2):59-63.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

When piperacillin/tazobactam has been used to treat hospitalized patients with serious infections, including nosocomial pneumonia caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, it has usually been dosed at 3.375 g q4h to provide serum concentrations above commonly encountered organisms' MICs (T > MIC) for at least 40-50% of the dosing interval. Pharmacodynamic principles suggest that a similar efficacy can be realized with extended dosing intervals when a larger dose (e.g. 4.5 g q6h) is administered, which was the objective of this study. Twelve healthy volunteers, 29.4 +/- 8.9 years of age, were enrolled in this multiple-dose, open-labeled, randomized, two-period crossover study. Blood samples were collected after the third dose and concentrations of piperacillin/tazobactam were determined with a validated HPLC method. Pharmacokinetic profiles were determined by noncompartment analysis. T > MIC of piperacillin was calculated for a range of MIC values. Piperacillin/tazobactam was well tolerated in 11 subjects who completed both regimens. The C(max), T(1/2), K, and AUC of P were significantly different according to a paired t test (p < 0.05) between two study regimens. Significant differences (p < 0.05) in tazobactam regimens were noted for C(max), and AUC. The piperacillin/tazobactam regimen of 4.5 g q6h achieved a 44% T > MIC for MIC values of < or = 16 microg/ml, while the 3.375-gram q4h regimen achieved 42% T > MIC, for MIC values of < or = 32 microg/ml. Dosage regimens for treating serious infections can be extended safely and effectively to 4.5 g q6h and obtain at least 40-50% T > MIC in the coverage of pathogens implicated with serious infections, including P. aeruginosa. Copyright 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

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