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Absence of a pharmacokinetic interaction between losartan and hydrochlorothiazide.

Author(s): McCrea JB, Lo MW, Tomasko L, Lin CC, Hsieh JY, Capra NL, Goldberg MR

Affiliation(s): Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Merck Research Laboratories, West Point, Pennsylvania 19486, USA.

Publication date & source: 1995-12, J Clin Pharmacol., 35(12):1200-6.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

To support the use of a combination of losartan, a highly specific and selective AT1 angiotensin II receptor antagonist, and hydrochlorothiazide for treatment of hypertension, a pharmacokinetic drug interaction study was conducted. In this open-label, randomized, three-period, crossover study, patients with mild to moderate hypertension received a 12.5-mg tablet of hydrochlorothiazide, a 50-mg losartan tablet, or a combination tablet of 12.5 mg of hydrochlorothiazide and 50 mg of losartan for 7 days. Twelve patients (age range, 35-55 years; mean age, 44 years) were allocated to treatment. Drug interactions were evaluated by comparing the 24-hour area under the concentration-time curve (AUC24) for losartan and its active metabolite, E-3174, when losartan (50 mg) was given alone or in combination with 12.5 mg hydrochlorothiazide. The urinary recovery over the 24-hour period of hydrochlorothiazide was compared for hydrochlorothiazide (12.5 mg) given alone or in combination with 50 mg losartan. A clinically significant interaction was defined as a treatment difference of more than 35%. There was no evidence of a clinically significant effect of hydrochlorothiazide on the pharmacokinetics of losartan or E-3174, as the geometric mean AUC24 ratio (90% confidence interval [CI]) was 1.02 (0.95, 1.09) for losartan and 1.02 (0.96, 1.09) for E-3174. Based on urinary recovery over a 24-hour period of hydrochlorothiazide, losartan did not affect the pharmacokinetics of hydrochlorothiazide, as the geometric mean ratio of urinary hydrochlorothiazide recovery (90% CI) was 0.898 (0.79, 1.20). There was a minor (17%) decrease in the AUC24 of hydrochlorothiazide after administration of the combination tablet. Coadministration of hydrochlorothiazide and losartan was well tolerated.

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