DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

VML 295 (LY-293111), a novel LTB4 antagonist, is not effective in the prevention of relapse in psoriasis.

Author(s): Mommers JM, Van Rossum MM, Kooijmans-Otero ME, Parker GL, van de Kerkhof PC

Affiliation(s): University Hospital Nijmegen, Department of Dermatology, The Netherlands.

Publication date & source: 2000-02, Br J Dermatol., 142(2):259-66.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) receptor antagonists have been the subject of several studies in the treatment of inflammatory diseases, including psoriasis. A novel oral LTB4 antagonist, VML 295 (LY-293111) has recently been developed and has a pronounced effect on epidermal inflammatory parameters. However, oral treatment of psoriasis for 4 weeks did not result in a decrease in disease severity. The present study was performed in order to investigate whether prolonged treatment with VML 295 up to 8 weeks has a beneficial effect on the overall severity of psoriasis. Moreover, we studied to what extent VML 295 is able to prevent relapse in psoriasis. In the present study, 35 patients with stable chronic plaque psoriasis were included. A representative plaque of at least 16 cm2 was initially treated with clobetasol-17-propionate lotion under hydrocolloid occlusion in all patients. Clearance was achieved within 6 weeks in 31 patients. After clearance, the patients were randomized to treatment and received oral VML 295 capsules 200 mg twice daily or placebo for 8 weeks. Twenty-five patients completed the study. The psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) was assessed before treatment, at clearance, and on days 15, 29, 43 and 5 7 of the treatment period. Biopsies were taken from the treated lesion before treatment, after clearance and at relapse, and cells were analysed by flow cytometry with markers for differentiation (keratin 10), inflammation (vimentin), and proliferation (DNA content). After 8 weeks of treatment, 14 of 15 VML 295-treated patients had relapsed and 11 of 16 placebo-treated patients had relapsed. A total of six patients were withdrawn. The time to relapse and the number of relapsed patients was not significantly different comparing the treatment groups. There was no significant difference in PASI scores between VML 295-treated patients and placebo-treated patients after 8 weeks of treatment. Flow cytometric parameters for differentiation, inflammation and proliferation did not show significant differences between VML 295- and placebo-treated patients. We conclude that oral VML 295 (LY-293111) is not effective in preventing relapse in psoriasis, either clinically or at the cellular level, and that in our group of patients VML 295 had no beneficial effect on overall psoriasis severity. Moreover, we conclude that further development of LTB4 modulating drugs for the treatment of psoriasis is not indicated.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017