DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more



Metabolic forearm vasodilation is enhanced following Bier block with phentolamine.

Author(s): Moradkhan R, McQuillan P, Hogeman C, Leuenberger A, Linton-Frazier L, Leuenberger UA

Affiliation(s): Heart & Vascular Institute, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033, USA.

Publication date & source: 2007-10, Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol., 293(4):H2289-95. Epub 2007 Aug 3.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

The extent to which sympathetic nerve activity restrains metabolic vasodilation in skeletal muscle remains unclear. We determined forearm blood flow (FBF; ultrasound/Doppler) and vascular conductance (FVC) responses to 10 min of ischemia [reactive hyperemic blood flow (RHBF)] and 10 min of systemic hypoxia (inspired O(2) fraction = 0.1) before and after regional sympathetic blockade with the alpha-receptor antagonist phentolamine via Bier block in healthy humans. In a control group, we performed sham Bier block with saline. Consistent with alpha- receptor inhibition, post-phentolamine, basal FVC (FBF/mean arterial pressure) increased (pre vs. post: 0.42 +/- 0.05 vs. 1.03 +/- 0.21 units; P < 0.01; n = 12) but did not change in the saline controls (pre vs. post: 0.56 +/- 0.14 vs. 0.53 +/- 0.08 units; P = not significant; n = 5). Post-phentolamine, total RHBF (over 3 min) increased substantially (pre vs. post: 628 +/- 75 vs. 826 +/- 92 ml/min; P < 0.01) but did not change in the controls (pre vs. post: 618 +/- 66 vs. 661 +/- 35 ml/min; P = not significant). In all conditions, compared with peak RHBF, peak skin reactive hyperemia was markedly delayed. Furthermore, post-phentolamine (pre vs. post: 0.43 +/- 0.06 vs. 1.16 +/- 0.17 units; P < 0.01; n = 8) but not post-saline (pre vs. post: 0.93 +/- 0.16 vs. 0.87 +/- 0.19 ml/min; P = not significant; n = 5), the FVC response to hypoxia (arterial O(2) saturation = 77 +/- 1%) was markedly enhanced. These data suggest that sympathetic vasoconstrictor nerve activity markedly restrains skeletal muscle vasodilation induced by local (forearm ischemia) and systemic (hypoxia) vasodilator stimuli.

Page last updated: 2008-01-02

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017