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Comparison of amoxicillin-metronidazole plus famotidine or lansoprazole for amoxicillin-clarithromycin-proton pump inhibitor treatment failures for Helicobacter pylori infection.

Author(s): Murakami K, Okimoto T, Kodama M, Sato R, Miyajima H, Ono M, Inoue K, Watanabe K, Otsu S, Fujioka T

Affiliation(s): Department of Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, Oita University, 1-1 Idaigaoka Hasama, Oita 879-5593, Japan. murakam@med.oita-u.ac.jp

Publication date & source: 2006-10, Helicobacter., 11(5):436-40.

BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitor-amoxicillin-metronidazole is recommended as second-line Helicobacter pylori therapy in Japan. The authors assessed the efficacy and safety of second-line eradication using the H2-receptor antagonist famotidine as a substitute for proton pump inhibitor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-one patients who failed in first-line H. pylori eradication using proton pump inhibitor-clarithromycin-amoxicillin were randomly assigned to either second-line therapy including metronidazole: a 7-day course of lansoprazole 30 mg, amoxicillin 750 mg, and metronidazole 250 mg, b.i.d. (lansoprazole group); or a 7-day course of famotidine 40 mg, amoxicillin 750 mg, and metronidazole 250 mg, b.i.d. (famotidine group). Eradication was assessed for each group at least 4 weeks after completing eradication therapy. Drug susceptibility test was performed using 57 strains in pretreatment to clarithromycin, metronidazole, and amoxicillin. RESULTS: Prior to second-line H. pylori eradication, the rate of resistance to clarithromycin was high at 84% (48/57). Similarly, resistance to metronidazole was low at 5.3% (3/57); however, no amoxicillin-resistant strains were found. The eradication rates for both lansoprazole and famotidine treatment groups were high at 97% (29/30) and 94% (29/31), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Famotidine treatment including metronidazole-amoxicillin as second-line therapy provided a high eradication rate similar to lansoprazole therapy. Famotidine is therefore expected to serve as a useful H. pylori eradication regimen in patients with proton pump inhibitor allergy, an economic benefit in terms of reduced health-care costs is also anticipated.

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