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A randomised controlled clinical trial on the safety of co-administration of albendazole, ivermectin and praziquantel in infected schoolchildren in Uganda.

Author(s): Namwanje H, Kabatereine N, Olsen A

Affiliation(s): Vector Control Division, Ministry of Health, P.O. Box 1661, Kampala, Uganda. harrietlwanga@ymail.com

Publication date & source: 2011-04, Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg., 105(4):181-8. Epub 2011 Feb 25.

Publication type: Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Integrated chemotherapy of neglected tropical diseases (NTD) through mass drug administration given as a single dose would increase treatment coverage and cost-effectiveness. This study reports on the safety of a combination of albendazole, ivermectin and praziquantel in the treatment of lymphatic filariasis (LF), schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) in infected children. In this randomised, controlled, single-blinded clinical trial conducted in 235 primary school children aged 5-18 years in Yumbe District in Northern Uganda, the triple combination therapy was compared with the current NTD programme regimen. Liver function testing was performed for all children who received combined therapy. The study included 48 children with LF alone, 60 children with schistosomiasis (Schistosoma mansoni), 41 children with STH, 49 children with schistosomiasis + LF and 37 children with all three types of infection. Children were closely monitored by a paediatrician for any adverse reactions for 7 days. No serious adverse events were experienced. However, 4 of 18 children in the test group and 2 of 3 children in the control group who did not report any ill conditions before treatment developed adverse drug reactions. The combined and conventional therapies were found to be equally safe. The efficacies of both therapies were comparable and satisfactory. [ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01050517]. Copyright (c) 2010 Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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