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Haemodynamics and acid-base equilibrium after cardiac surgery: comparison of rapidly degradable hydroxyethyl starch solutions and albumin.

Author(s): Niemi T, Schramko A, Kuitunen A, Kukkonen S, Suojaranta-Ylinen R

Affiliation(s): Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Helsinki University Hospital, Meilahti Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. tomi.niemi@hus.fi

Publication date & source: 2008, Scand J Surg., 97(3):259-65.

Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

BACKGROUND: Stable haemodynamics is often achieved by administration of colloids after cardiac surgery. We conducted a prospective, randomized, open-label study comparing haemodynamics and acid-base equilibrium after infusion of two rapidly degradable hydroxyethyl starch (HES) solutions or human albumin (HA) to cardiac surgical patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 45 patients received a predetermined fixed dose of 15 ml kg(-1) of either 6% HES (mW 130 kDa, n = 15), 6% HES (MW 200 kDa, n = 15) or 4% HA (MW 69 kDa, n = 15) after on-pump cardiac surgery. RESULTS: Left ventricular filling pressures assessed using pulmonary artery catheter responded similarly in all groups. mean (SD) cardiac index was higher in HES130 [3.5 l min(-1) m(-2) (0.7) ] and HES200 [3.5 l min(-1) m(-2) (0.5)] than in HA [2.8 l min(-1) m(-2) (0.6)] group after completion of infusion (P = 0.002) but no differences were detected at 2 and 18 hours. Oxygen delivery increased in both HES groups but not in HA group. After cessation of infusion base excess was the most negative in Ha group. At 2 hours mean (SD) base excess was higher in HES130 [0 (1.32)] than in HES200 [-1.32 (2.27) ] and HA [-2.3 (1.3)] group (P = 0.002, between the groups). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the effect of albumin on cardiac performance is inferior than that of HES130 or HES200 in early postoperative phase after cardiac surgery. HES130 induces no alterations in acid-base equilibrium whereas a negative base excess was observed after HA infusion.

Page last updated: 2008-11-03

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