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Influence of acute aerobic exercise on adiponectin oligomer concentrations in middle-aged abdominally obese men.

Author(s): Numao S, Katayama Y, Hayashi Y, Matsuo T, Tanaka K

Affiliation(s): Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359-1192, Japan. numashige@aoni.waseda.jp

Publication date & source: 2011-02, Metabolism., 60(2):186-94. Epub 2010 Jan 27.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Exercise intensity may induce changes in total adiponectin and adiponectin oligomer levels. However, the effects of acute aerobic exercise on total adiponectin and adiponectin oligomers in middle-aged abdominally obese men remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of aerobic exercise intensity on changes in the concentrations of total adiponectin and adiponectin oligomers (high-molecular weight [HMW] and middle- plus low-molecular weight [MLMW] adiponectin), and the endocrine mechanisms involved in exercise-induced changes in adiponectin oligomer profiles in middle-aged abdominally obese men. Using a crossover design, 9 middle-aged abdominally obese men (age, 54.1 +/- 2.4 years; body mass index, 27.9 +/- 0.6 kg/m(2)) underwent 2 trials that consisted of 60 minutes of stationary cycle exercise at either moderate-intensity (ME) or high-intensity (HE) aerobic exercise (50% or 70% of peak oxygen uptake, respectively). Blood samples were collected to measure the concentrations of adiponectin oligomers, hormones (catecholamines, insulin, and growth hormone), metabolites (free fatty acid, glycerol, triglyceride, and glucose), and cytokines (interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha). After exercise, plasma catecholamine concentrations were higher during HE than during ME (P < .05). Total adiponectin concentration decreased at the end of HE (P < .05), but remained unchanged after ME. The HMW adiponectin concentration did not change at either intensity, whereas the MLMW concentration decreased at the end of HE (P < .05). The ratio of HMW to total adiponectin concentration increased significantly (P < .05), whereas the ratio of MLMW to total adiponectin concentration decreased significantly (P < .05), at the end of HE. The percentage changes in epinephrine concentration from baseline to the end of exercise were correlated with the percentage changes in total adiponectin concentration (r = -0.67, P < .05) and MLMW adiponectin concentration (r = -0.82, P < .05) from baseline to the end of HE. Our results indicate that the change in total adiponectin was mainly due to a change in MLMW adiponectin concentration during high-intensity exercise in middle-aged abdominally obese men. Epinephrine may partially regulate the decrease in total and MLMW adiponectin concentrations during high-intensity exercise. (c) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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