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Quality of life is improved by endoscopic surgery and fluticasone in nasal polyposis with asthma.

Author(s): Olsson P, Ehnhage A, Nordin S, Stjarne P

Affiliation(s): Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. petter.olsson@ki.se

Publication date & source: 2010-09, Rhinology., 48(3):325-30.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the health impact of nasal polyposis with asthma and to study effects of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS), and addition of fluticasone propionate nasal drops (FPND), on health related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: Prospective study of 68 patients with nasal polyposis and asthma. Effects were measured with Study 36-Item Short Form (SF-36). A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 14-weeks phase measuring additive effects of FPND 400 microg twice daily (b.i.d.) was included. RESULTS: HRQoL was significantly decreased in both Physical Component Summary, PCS, (45 vs 48, p=0.049) and Mental Component Summary, MCS, (43 vs 51, p<0.001) vs reference population. ESS significantly improved PCS, (p=0.027) and MCS (p=0.021) after five weeks. We found significant additional benefit of FPND on three domains (RP, p=0.002; VT, p=0.007; SF, p=0.002). The increase in HRQoL with FPND reached reference population levels in all domains, as well as in both PCS (50, p=0.003) and MCS (52, p=0.002), five weeks after ESS. CONCLUSIONS: FPND 400 microg b.i.d. can be added to ESS in order to improve, and to reach population levels of, HRQoL already five weeks post-ESS. Physicians should evaluate HRQoL and consider ESS with nasal steroids early in their treatment of these patients.

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