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Factorial antihypertensive study of an extended-release metoprolol and hydrochlorothiazide combination.

Author(s): Papademetriou V, Hainer JW, Sugg J, Munzer D, ATTACH Study Group

Affiliation(s): Hypertension Research, VA Medical Center and Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20422, USA. papavip@aol.com

Publication date & source: 2006-12, Am J Hypertens., 19(12):1217-25.

Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

BACKGROUND: To attain goal blood pressure (BP), many hypertensive patients require combination antihypertensive therapy. Thiazide diuretic/beta-blocker regimens lower BP, and clinical studies indicate that they reduce the risk for cardiovascular consequences of hypertension. Fixed-dose combination tablets can simplify multidrug treatment regimens. METHODS: This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, unbalanced factorial study (N = 1571) was designed to determine whether hydrochlorothiazide (HCT) and extended release (ER) metoprolol both contribute to an antihypertensive effect. Hypertensive adults with sitting diastolic BP (SiDBP) 95 to 114 mm Hg and systolic BP (SiSBP) <180 mm Hg received one of three hydrochlorothiazide doses (6.25 mg, 12.5 mg, or 25 mg), one of four ER-metoprolol doses (25 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg, 200 mg), or one of nine of the combinations or placebo for 8 weeks. RESULTS: Blood pressure decreased with all combinations (P < .001 v placebo); reductions were dose related, ranging from 8.7 to 15.7 mm Hg (SiDBP) and 9.7 to 18.9 mm Hg (SiSBP) (model-derived values). Reductions with placebo were 5.3 (SiDBP) and 4.2 mm Hg (SiSBP). Both active agents contributed to the combination effect (P = .0015 for SiDBP; P = .0006 for SiSBP). Several low-dose combinations were approximately as effective as high doses of the individual agents (differences within 1 to 2.5 mm Hg). The adverse event discontinuation rate was 2.9%. Serum potassium decreased and uric acid increased with increasing doses of HCT. CONCLUSIONS: Extended-release metoprolol/hydrochlorothiazide is an effective antihypertensive combination that offers additive antihypertensive contributions from both components.

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