DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

A phase II/III trial of antimicrobial therapy with or without amikacin in the treatment of disseminated Mycobacterium avium infection in HIV-infected individuals. AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol 135 Study Team.

Author(s): Parenti DM, Williams PL, Hafner R, Jacobs MR, Hojczyk P, Hooton TM, Barber TW, Simpson G, van der Horst C, Currier J, Powderly WG, Limjoco M, Ellner JJ

Affiliation(s): George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20037, USA.

Publication date & source: 1998-12-24, AIDS., 12(18):2439-46.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase II; Clinical Trial, Phase III; Randomized Controlled Trial

OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical and microbiologic benefit of adding amikacin to a four-drug oral regimen for treatment of disseminated Mycobacterium avium infection in HIV-infected patients. DESIGN: A randomized, open-labeled, comparative trial. SETTING: Outpatient clinics. PATIENTS: Seventy-four patients with HIV and symptomatic bacteremic M. avium infection. INTERVENTIONS: Rifampin 10 mg/kg daily, ciprofloxacin 500 mg twice daily, clofazimine 100 mg every day, and ethambutol 15 mg/kg orally daily for 24 weeks, with or without amikacin 10 mg/kg intravenously or intramuscularly 5 days weekly for the first 4 weeks. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Clinical and microbiologic response at 4 weeks; quantitative level of bacteremia with M. avium. RESULTS: No difference in clinical response was noted with the addition of amikacin to the four-drug oral regimen, and only 25% in either group had a complete or partial response at 4 weeks. A comparable quantitative decrease in bacteremia was noted in both treatment groups, with 16% of patients being culture-negative at 4 weeks and 38% at 12 weeks. Toxicities were mainly gastrointestinal. Amikacin was well tolerated. Median survival was 30 weeks in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of amikacin to a four-drug oral regimen of rifampin, ciprofloxacin, clofazimine, and ethambutol did not provide clinical or microbiologic benefit.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017