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Interaction between everolimus and tacrolimus in renal transplant recipients: a pharmacokinetic controlled trial.

Author(s): Pascual J, del Castillo D, Cabello M, Pallardo L, Grinyo JM, Fernandez AM, Brunet M

Affiliation(s): Servicio de Nefrologia, Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain. jpascualsantos@imas.imim.es

Publication date & source: 2010-04-27, Transplantation., 89(8):994-1000.

Publication type: Clinical Trial, Phase II; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

BACKGROUND: Clinical data are lacking concerning therapeutic action and systemic exposure of tacrolimus (TAC) and everolimus (EVL) in a combined regimen in renal transplantation. METHODS: A prospective randomized phase II pharmacokinetic study was conducted comparing two fixed EVL dosages (0.75 mg two times per day (BID), group A, or 1.5 mg BID, group B) in combination with standard TAC dose. Complete 12-hr pharmacokinetic curves of both drugs were performed at days 4, 14, and 42 posttransplant. RESULTS: A higher TAC Cmin was observed with EVL dose of 0.75 mg BID (TAC 11.1+/-6.4 group A vs. 9.4+/-5.0 ng/mL group B, P=0.03), with equivalent TAC area under the curves (162+/-61 vs. 171+/-75). The exposure to TAC was lower in group B despite higher TAC doses were required to maintain target concentrations (day 14: 9.5 vs. 12.5 mg and day 42: 6 vs. 9 mg, P<0.05). Cmin-TAC/dose and area under the curve-TAC/dose ratios were significantly lower, from day 4 to day 42, in group B. Both groups achieved good graft function and acute rejection rate was similar (20% and 15%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that in adult renal transplant recipients, EVL significantly decreases TAC oral bioavailability in a dose-dependent manner. Doses higher than 1.5 mg BID would be probably needed for TAC-minimization strategies because 3 mg/day is not enough to achieve levels more than 3 ng/mL during the first 2 weeks. Therapeutic drug monitoring is mandatory to adjust the dose and prevent low TAC exposure. This regimen of low EVL exposure plus standard TAC exposure avoids wound healing problems with good efficacy.

Page last updated: 2010-10-05

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