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Correlation of in vivo topical efficacies with in vitro predictions using acyclovir formulations in the treatment of cutaneous HSV-1 infections in hairless mice: an evaluation of the predictive value of the C* concept.

Author(s): Patel PJ, Ghanem AH, Higuchi WI, Srinivasan V, Kern ER

Affiliation(s): Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84112, USA.

Publication date & source: 1996-03, Antiviral Res., 29(2-3):279-86.

The purpose of this study was to carry out an extensive examination of the C* concept for prediction of the topical antiviral efficacies of acyclovir (ACV) formulations in a hairless mouse model for the treatment of cutaneous herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) infections. This method is based on estimation of the free drug concentration at the target site (C*), which is presumed to be the basal cell layer of the epidermis. Five different formulations (containing 5% ACV) were examined in a finite dose multiple dosing regimen (twice a day application) to simulate the clinical situation. For determination of C*, in vitro ACV fluxes across the hairless mouse skin were measured in an in vivo-in vitro experimental design that approximated the in vivo antiviral treatment protocol. Then, the in vivo antiviral efficacies were measured using a 1-day delayed (after HSV-1 virus inoculation) 4-day treatment protocol. 10 microL/cm2 dose of ACV formulation was applied every 12 h for 4 days after which the lesions were scored and efficacies were calculated. Our results indicate that, over a wide range of efficacies, the predictions based on C* (estimated from the experimental fluxes) are in good agreement with the in vivo antiviral efficacies. These studies, therefore, support the validity of the C* concept for various ACV formulations and suggest that the C* approach has potential for future practical situations.

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