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Randomized controlled trial of deferiprone or deferoxamine in beta-thalassemia major patients with asymptomatic myocardial siderosis.

Author(s): Pennell DJ, Berdoukas V, Karagiorga M, Ladis V, Piga A, Aessopos A, Gotsis ED, Tanner MA, Smith GC, Westwood MA, Wonke B, Galanello R

Affiliation(s): Royal Brompton Hospital, Sydney Street, London SW3 6NP, United Kingdom. d.pennell@ic.ac.uk

Publication date & source: 2006-05-01, Blood., 107(9):3738-44. Epub 2005 Dec 13.

Publication type: Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

Most deaths in beta-thalassemia major result from cardiac complications due to iron overload. Differential effects on myocardial siderosis may exist between different chelators. A randomized controlled trial was performed in 61 patients previously maintained on subcutaneous deferoxamine. The primary end point was the change in myocardial siderosis (myocardial T2(*)) over 1 year in patients maintained on subcutaneous deferoxamine or those switched to oral deferiprone monotherapy. The dose of deferiprone was 92 mg/kg/d and deferoxamine was 43 mg/kg for 5.7 d/wk. Compliance was 94% +/- 5.3% and 93% +/- 9.7% (P = .81), respectively. The improvement in myocardial T2(*) was significantly greater for deferiprone than deferoxamine (27% vs 13%; P = .023). Left ventricular ejection fraction increased significantly more in the deferiprone-treated group (3.1% vs 0.3% absolute units; P = .003). The changes in liver iron level (-0.93 mg/g dry weight vs -1.54 mg/g dry weight; P = .40) and serum ferritin level (-181 microg/L vs -466 microg/L; P = .16), respectively, were not significantly different between groups. The most frequent adverse events were transient gastrointestinal symptoms for deferiprone-treated patients and local reactions at the infusion site for deferoxamine. There were no episodes of agranulocytosis. Deferiprone monotherapy was significantly more effective than deferoxamine over 1 year in improving asymptomatic myocardial siderosis in beta-thalassemia major.

Page last updated: 2006-11-04

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